Experts estimate that our planet is home to around 8.7 million species, more than 80% of which haven’t yet been identified. The Amazon is the world’s largest area of tropical rainforest, and it’s home to the biggest collection of plants and animals. Now we’ve found 400 more new species there.
We all know that rainforests are absolutely stuffed with magical flora and fauna, many of which are yet to be discovered. But nobody predicted that a two year study would deliver almost four hundred new species in the Amazon rainforest alone, hinting that the remarkable richness and diversity of the world’s forests are probably even greater than anyone imagined.
The study, which ran between 2014 and 2015, revealed 381 new species in the Amazon region, according to a report by the World Wildlife Fund and Mamiraua Institute for Sustainable Development. Apparently the researchers tracked down a new species every two days or so, finding in total 216 new plants, 93 fish, 32 amphibians, 20 mammals, 19 reptiles and one bird, all previously unknown. The discoveries were made across all nine countries covered by the Amazon’s tropical forest.
It’s amazing news. But the flip side is that these new species could so easily be lost forever, at constant risk from mining, logging, road building and climate change. All the new species were found in areas of the forest that are already at risk from human activity, and the sheer, unprecedented level of habitat change we’re seeing right now means many species may go extinct before we discover their existence. That’s terribly sad.
The report is the third of its kind. The three research projects together discovered 2000 or so new species in the past 17 years. The report’s authors are determined to continue research in the area to monitor and preserve biodiversity because the sheer wealth of biodiversity found there is unique and unparalleled.
Let’s hope their work plays a part in protecting this absolute treasure of an environment.