How Composites Could be Very Helpful in Storing Energy for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles
Composite materials are the new hot thing in the market. As you already know, Tesla Motors have a few different models of electric cars, and Toyota has their hybrid models. The future is looking more and more electric, but there’s an important issue that needs to overcome – battery life. Namely, Tesla models can go around 320 miles (515km) maximum without recharging their batteries (this is, of course, the extreme example, you shouldn’t risk going that far without charging).
Composites are great materials which will most likely revolutionise the way cars handle storing their energy.
Introduction to composite materials
A composite material is a material which is a combination of more than two materials that don’t lose their macrostructure, which enables us to design a material which is better than any of the materials that it is made of. For example, Aluminium Composites are used as insulation or as facades of buildings. This means that Aluminium Composites are stronger yet lighter-weight than the constituents.
Detail information about composites – Polymer & Ceramic
Polymers are efficient in storing energy and are a potentially great choice when it comes to this use. They are popular due to their lightweight, dielectric strength which is high, and scalability. Unfortunately, the polymers that are in use today aren’t such a great choice when it comes to hybrid and electric vehicles. The polymer, which is called BOPP, has issues with operating in high temperatures, thus requiring extra cooling equipment, which in turn increases the vehicle weight and price. However, there is a new polymer which is being developed! The polymer has a ‘sandwich structure’ and it aims to solve all the problems that the BOPP has.
Ceramic is used in combination with polymer composites as a filler material. It improves power and energy density, and it protects from dielectric breakdown. It’s only a matter of time before these composites are perfected and become commercially available, replacing the current standard that we have today.
How composite materials are used for energy conservation
Composite materials are mainly used in car bodies because they lower the overall weight of the vehicle which increases fuel efficiency. This also applies to electric and hybrid cars. Composites are also used for energy conservation because they aren’t difficult to make, are better than the materials which they are made of, and are energy efficient. Constant advances are made in this field, and we’re in for a bright, green future. Organizations like advanced composite materials Asia are constantly researching and developing this characteristic of composite material.
The conclusion is that composites are taking the world by storm – just look at how many sales Tesla Motors made with their vehicles. Of course, if it weren't for these electric modes of transportation, composites wouldn’t be as prevalent as they are now, but their popularity and efficiency will only keep growing. More and more cars will come up with this kind of composites, and we can say that it will change the automobile experience in near future.