Bio-Based Polythene: The Future of Sustainable Plastic?

The evolution of bio-based polythene has proven to be a benefit to the industry, to the economy, to the environment and to society. Indeed, cultures around the world rely on plastics to meet many challenges, including the packaging and transport of goods and food stuffs. It is difficult to imagine a world without the convenience of plastics but meeting the strict environmental standards imposed by EU environmentalists has proven challenging to businesses and consumers that rely on plastic products for any number of solutions.

Bio-based polythene is a very happy alternative for responsible users who seek to lower their carbon footprint, reduce their energy consumption and protect the environment that we shall pass on to future generations. Bio-Based polythene end product will be the future because they are a win-win result for manufacturers and consumers.

Yes, bio-based polythene may cost about 7 percent more than fossil fuel alternatives but their shelf life is 20 percent longer. New bio-based polythene products are gaining in popularity. They offer the double edged advantages of being 100 percent recyclable and carbon positive, a long sought after combination that helps businesses improve their mandated green credentials and bring their carbon footprint in line with EU standards.

There are some green solutions that you know are the future. Bio-based polythene is one of those rare discoveries that appears to be the future of plastics. Consumers have warmed to bio-based Polythene and solidified its place in the market. In 2011`, 3.5 million tonnes of bio-based polymers were manufactured around the globe. That compared to 235 million tonnes of fossil fuel based polymers. But, the future looks bright! By 2020, industry experts project 12 million tonnes of bio-based polymers will be produced every year. This is encouraging news.

Bio-Based Rather Than Oxy-Degradable

Just when it seemed that oxy-degradable polythene compositions were the answer to the carbon challenges presented by the plastics industry, bio-based polythene was discovered. Consumers, environmentalists and manufacturers soon began to wonder about the practicality of plastics that completely degraded after two or three years.

Bio-based polythene products are a more satisfactory solution to the environmental impact of the industry. Food stocks and specifically sugar cane have proven to be the most environmentally beneficial polythene. With sugar cane-based products, manufacturers are producing products that rely on photosynthesis during the plant’s life to create a carbon positive product.

While sugar cane captures CO2 from the atmosphere, it releases oxygen into the atmosphere. Taking as much or more carbon from the environment and depositing an equal or greater share of oxygen to the environment makes sugar cane based polythene a carbon positive material. Add to this effect the fact that manufacturers are now using the waste to fuel their equipment and we scan see undeniable environmental benefits that did not exist just a few years ago.

Biotechnology: The Future of Manufacturing

For many years the plastics industry was the whipping boy of environmentalists who definitely made an impression upon plastics manufacturers and manufacturers in other sectors. The progress made by plastic manufacturers will copied by other sectors. Bio-based manufacturing will be implemented by other challenged manufacturing sectors. The process of replacing fossil fuels and their volatile pricing with carbon positive energy sources will make for a much more sustainable future.

Biotechnology will continue to develop new and exciting crops for plastic production. Scientists are already working to improve crop genomes in order to boost the desired effects. Genetic modifications of the plants used in bio-plastics have already increased the effectiveness of bio-plastics and can only offer us a glimpse of the future potential and direction of biotechnology.

The Bio-based Polythene Future

To fully understand why scientists are encouraged with bio-based polythene, it is necessary to understand that bio-based plastics contain renewable carbon. This is a driving force behind the commitment to bio-based production and a significant advantage over fossil fuel-based plastics. At the end of the life of the bio-plastic, the carbon is returned to the atmosphere but no new carbon is added to the environment.

To further increase the sustainability of bio-based plastics, some products can be degraded. Sugar cane based polythene is one of those products. This product can be disposed alongside food waste. Additionally, biodegradable agricultural bio-based plastic mulch can be ploughed into the field which further saves on the collection and storage capacity of plastics.

As for the future of bio-based polythene, the fact that production actually reduces the amount of consumed energy compared to fossil fuel based plastic production is a significant win for the process. Combining this lower energy consumption with the lower Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions produced by bio-based polythene, it is only natural to see this process as the future of plastics. Some bio-based products actually consume 50 percent less energy and emit 66 percent less GHG. This is progress. This is the future of plastics and bio-based polythene will lead the way.


Established in 2007 in Witney, Oxfordshire, Polythene UK quickly made its name as the UK’s leading independent supplier of polythene products. In early 2013, the company moved to new premises specifically designed to be carbon neutral and equipped with a high-tech renewable energy system.

Image by Kate Ter Haar via Flickr

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Posted by Eco Warrior - November 20, 2014 at 9:25 am

Categories: Eco Friendly   Tags:

Simple steps to make your business more eco-friendly

See no evil, hear no evil, and speak no evil. This is the attitude that many consumers used to have before the pressure to reduce our carbon footprint was increased.

78% of consumers now claim that they would boycott a product or service if their environmental credentials turned out to be false, according to research by Cone Communications. In order to retain customers, businesses will have to devise a long-term eco strategy to ensure they are flying the green flag.

A typical office consumes a copious amount of energy through the sheer volume of electrical equipment used including computers, printers, phones and many other appliances. Many businesses don’t realise how much energy they could save by implementing a few changes around the workplace. The greater the amount of energy saved, the more money your business will have at the end of the year, not to mention improved green customer loyalty.

Switching lights off when they’re not in use, keeping the room temperature even so the workplace never gets too cold or too warm and turning appliances off when you leave for the day are all familiar ways in which we try and save energy at work.

But what about the lesser known energy sucking appliances?

Hand dryers

Hand dryers are essential workplace equipment, yet the older models waste unnecessary energy due to the length of time they run for and the higher rate of power used. Simple mathematics states that the frequency in which employees take trips to the bathroom, multiplied by the number of staff you have, quickly adds up to a large energy bill.

While you may believe that paper towels are the lesser of two eco evils, paper towels are a green warrior’s nightmare. Not only do they destroy trees, reducing the amount of oxygen produced in the environment, but they also waste energy during their disposal. Recycled paper towels are not much better either, although moderately greener than other towels, they still use energy during disposal.

So how can you avoid this issue? By installing energy-efficient hand dryers. The latest models of hand dryers have been constructed to be as eco-friendly as possible by producing a concentrated stream of air, as opposed to older models which disperse hot air in a downwards direction. This dries the hands quicker and therefore decreases the length of time it is on for. You’d be surprised how affordable the new models are too, and the initial cost is only a small price to pay for the amount of savings made from conserving energy.

Boiling water tap

Overfilling kettles wastes £68 million a year in energy costs, according to the Energy Saving Trust.

Although the research focused exclusively on households, businesses must take these findings as a warning. With large numbers of thirsty staff, the kettle is most likely being filled and boiled at an average of 20 times a day. Overfilling your kettle means that it takes longer to heat the water inside and requires more energy to do so.

We all know how long it takes for a full kettle to boil, and while you don’t want to sound like a slave driver, consider how much time is wasted if every one of your 20+ employees spends five minutes in eco2 (1)the kitchen waiting for the kettle to boil.

Solve two problems in one by fitting a boiling water tap tank in your kitchen. This allows employees to instantly access boiling water for their beverages without wasting any time or energy.


An overflowing bin is a common sight at the end of the day for most offices. Due to packaged sandwiches, drinks cans and plastic wrappers, our day-to-day working routines easily generate quite a lot of waste.

While there is not much you can do about the packaging that has already been created, you can act in an eco-efficient manner by disposing of it properly. Be responsible for your waste, don’t just put it all in the same bin and send it to the landfill. By setting up clear separate bins for different items, such as plastic, cans and paper, you can effortlessly recycle your waste, which will help to curb your carbon output in the long run.

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Posted by Eco Warrior - November 14, 2014 at 9:26 am

Categories: Eco Business   Tags:

Eco Friendly Tourism in Mallorca

As environmental damage is becoming an ever more paramount issue, many tourists are feeling the need to do their part to help our little green planet. Usually the common traveller will book a flight to an all-inclusive tourist resort built over the remains of what was a beautiful forest but now, it seems, things are changing. People are beginning to look at where we stay, how we travel, and what we do whilst we’re away in a completely different manner. Instead of huge hotels & mega resorts, local farms and teeny agritourism hotels are beginning to hold much more of an appeal. Such places allow us to still enjoy a relaxing holiday, without encouraging the downfall of our planet.

Does travelling green even matter?

The positive effects of travelling green are generally very much underrated. Air travel is the biggest culprit, so travelling by train can easily wipe hundreds of KGs of CO2 off your carbon footprint, helping the environment and not to mention saving you a buck or two. Hotels that use renewable energy and grow their own produce also help ensure that food transportation emissions are kept to a minimum.

Environmental activities are also greatly beneficial, even if only for the local economy! This can include preservation tours or even visits to conservation areas. This gives the locals a chance to spread their knowledge and bring the ever-pressing issue of climate change into the open, allowing it to becoming a more pressing issue for the masses.

Where can I be green?

mallorca2It may come as a surprise to hear you don’t have to book an expensive eco-tour for your holiday to be deemed environmentally friendly. You can be green pretty much anywhere. Majorca, one of the Spanish Balearic islands, is one area up and coming under the eco-tourism spotlight.

Majorca has always been a tourist based island with many well-known resorts popular amongst package holiday fans. Hotel chains and restaurants take pride of place here, meaning consumption is rife and plastic bottles litter the otherwise beautiful sandy beaches.

But do not despair! Majorca has been looking to clean itself up and is now putting in some much needed effort to preserve what’s left of its beautiful landscape. Most areas of the wetlands and forests are strictly protected to prevent construction companies from getting the rights to destroy the land and build more money- grabbing tourist traps.
So – how to be environmentally conscious in your holiday choices exactly?

Stay somewhere local

There are many green hotel alternatives scattered throughout Majorca. Guillo Finca – a farm based hotel in Pollensa – guarantees all energy comes from renewable sources! Son Bernadinet also offers green living and what’s more, even the food is environmentally friendly; organic and grown all at the hotel!.

Eating Green

Majorca is home to many passionate farmers who provide local farms with fresh, home-grown produce. Buying from these markets will ensure there are no pesticides or artificial ingredients which is absolutely great for your health. It also means there is no plastic involved! You could perhaps make a salad or fruit bowl to take on you with walks or even to have a picnic.

Eco friendly cafes such as Ziva in Palma, Bon Lloc or Eco-Vegetaria offer locally sourced, organic produce in eco-friendly cartons, meaning if you haven’t booked an apartment and have no means of cooking, you still have options!

Green activities

Wildlife Travel Map of Spain - Balearic Islands (Eco Tourist Maps)

Wildlife Travel Map of Spain – Balearic Islands

Depending on how devoted to being green you are, there is a huge range of different activities Majorca can offer you. The really devoted green fingered tourist could always head down to the local farm or market and give a helping hand in exchange for bed and board! Finca Son Barrina organic farm is one place that accepts helping hands from holidaymakers, and they grow a dazzling arrange of fruit and veggies for local restaurants and grocers.

If you want a more relaxed approach to being green that’s fine! Avoid beaches and head to one of the many conversation sites scattered throughout the island. Llevant Peninsula Nature Park in the north east of the island is a good spot that’s great for hikers, with plenty of flat and hilly terrains for you to try and tackle. Here, you will find beautiful, untouched nature that is a genuine home to birds and other wildlife, rather than discarded coke bottles.

Archipelago Maritime Terrestrial National Park (try to say that in one breath!) is another treat for those looking to seek out the more undiscovered areas of Majorca. The ban on fishing has resulted in the waters teeming with tropical fish, whales and turtles. This area is located south of the island, about 1 hour’s boat ride from San Salinas.

If these don’t tickle your fancy, here’s a huge list of national parks, local beaches and ‘no frills excursions’ for you to ensure you’re being as environmentally conscious as possible. And remember – no taxis there and back!

What do you think? Is eco-tourism something you could be interested in? Or does it all sound like a lot of effort? Let us know!

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Posted by Guest Author - November 7, 2014 at 5:16 pm

Categories: Eco Travel   Tags:

Anamalz hit the children’s ethical gifts mark every time

Kids love animals. It’s wonderful to see a small child making friends with an animal, whether it’s a goat or guinea pig, cow, dog, cat or hamster.

In every child’s development there comes a time when they’re on an equal footing with non-human creatures. A time when they’re on much the same wavelength as furry beasts, and see no real difference between themselves and their pet.

It’s something that responsible, nature-aware parents all over Britain are trying to encourage more of. Children who are kind to – and can empathise with – their fellow creatures will undoubtedly be better equipped to handle the human race’s challenges than kids who don’t have a close affinity with the natural world. So it’s good to see the super-cute Anamalz range taking off like a rocket.

Anamalz Wooden Tiger

Anamalz Wooden Tiger

So what’s the Animalz story? The Anamalz range is fun and original, a collection of moveable animals that little ones play with happily for hours. They’re hand crafted from organic maple, a fast-growing hardwood that’s harvested sustainably, plus eco-friendly textiles. So there’s a very low environmental impact attached to these toys.

The perfect way to inspire creative play, empathy and vital learning, every animal is unique with its own wood grain patterns and markings. Each animal includes a unique printed code too, which your child can use online to find out more about their animal, download a birth certificate and play games on the special Anamalz website. All in all Anamalz deliver more of an experience than an ordinary toy and the range is a top choice with ethically-minded parents.

Anamalz Wooden Hippo

Anamalz Wooden Hippo

Anamalz are manufactured to the highest European standards. The resources used are renewable and the glues and paints completely safe, 100% non toxic. There are loads of lovely creatures to choose from including cows, pigs, horses, gorillas, crocodiles, bears, hippos and a cool gift set, where kids can choose their two favourite animals. The gift set comes with a special branded calico bag and a colourful set of Anamalz cards, with the creatures displayed in their ‘natural’ habitat’. Fun!

In a world where plastic toys still rule it’s good to find great quality, sturdy wooden toys manufactured from the moral high ground. The less damage we do to our environment, the more children understand how important our fellow creatures are to our survival and the more respect your children have for their fellow sentient beings, the happier and safer the human race’s future will be.

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Posted by Eco Warrior - October 29, 2014 at 8:01 pm

Categories: Eco Garden   Tags:

The problems of global warming

It’s amazing to see how intuitive the younger generation is about the problems of global warming and the need to preserve our rainforests.

While adults rage over whether the predicted impacts are really quite as dire as scientists claim, children, quite simply, get it.

These are the young people who will be tomorrow’s decision makers, politicians, business leaders and lobbyists and who will inherit the mess. Decades of baby boomer growth and industrialisation will have left a hugely damaging legacy which they will have to fight to restore and respond too – where action has not already been too late.

So perhaps the most effective thing we can do to take action against global warming now, is to focus on our younger family members and friends and engage them in the topic, for their ideas, their enthusiasm and their strong desires to change and make good.

Frankly, our generation has had every opportunity. Whilst we are now reluctantly beginning to recycle, re-use and avoid excess consumption (if only to manage our dwindling budgets), it’s the next generation who are coming up with incredible ideas to tackle the problems in very real ways. For us, the responsibility lies in nurturing their passion and enthusiasm to better things, giving them support to learn and discover more, showing a real interest in their own interests and taking action on family levels to make small changes, which together will combine into something great.

Ask your children questions, hear their views and discuss the issues. Share thoughts and set family recycling and carbon reduction challenges. Commit to reducing the family’s carbon footprint. Commit to showing integrity with your changes – put your money where your mouth is – set the right example. Write letters with your children to lobby parliament, your local MP, your local supermarket. Get excited about it, watch them grow and take the first steps to preserving the planet that the baby boomers inadvertently near-destroyed.

Guest post by the Rainforest Foundation. Image by Len Radin via Flickr

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Posted by Guest Author - October 27, 2014 at 8:54 am

Categories: Issues   Tags:

Greening the Supply Chain

Many people view the process or notion of ‘greening’ a supply chain as one that will ultimately end up costing a lot of money. This is not the case. Greening the supply chain can in fact end up saving a company money in the long run. The misconception that it adds huge costs to operations is one that probably hinders some companies from moving in this direction.

Being environmentally responsible should not just be something we look at as individuals. As company owners and employees, we have a fantastic opportunity also to make a positive change for the good of the environment. Changes to an operational supply chain don’t necessarily need to be vast or implemented quickly; they can be done in small steps in order to ensure ease of implementation.

This info-graphic from Snap Parcel covers the topic of greening the supply chain and offers some suggestions on how to implement it into an operation. It also examines how some world famous companies have implemented a green element to their supply chain and what can be learnt from that.

Greening the Supply Chain

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Posted by Eco Warrior - October 11, 2014 at 6:23 am

Categories: Eco Business   Tags:

Is Your Supermarket Supporting Rainforest Deforestation?

Most of us shop at a supermarket at one time or another, whether it’s doing the regular weekly shop in person, a monthly shop online or popping in and out daily for essentials. But did you know that the food companies and commercial plantations whose products eventually fill supermarket shelves are amongst the worst offenders when it comes to the illegal deforestation of rainforests?

Commercial agriculture responsible for 70% of tropical deforestation

Apparently, according to an article in New Scientist magazine, commercial agriculture is responsible for over 70% of tropical rainforest deforestation, at least 50% of which is carried out illegally. It appears your weekly supermarket shop plays an important role in wrecking the ‘lungs of the earth’, albeit behind the scenes.

Forest expert Sam Lawson, who researches the subject independently, has taken a long, hard look at local and government data from around the world. And his findings are very disturbing indeed.

No laws covering foods grown on illegally cleared land

The EU is the planet’s biggest importer of goods from land that has been deforested illegally. Europe, as a result, is responsible for around a third of the deforestation caused by farmed products that are then traded internationally. But there’s more.

While importing illegally logged wood is banned in the EU and US, there are no current regulations covering foodstuffs grown on land that has been illegally cleared. This means the efforts of countries with rainforests to conserve their precious resources are being severely hampered, and it’s a huge challenge for them to enforce their own conservation-led laws.

What can you do about it?

It’s a tricky one. How do you tell which foods and other products come from illegally deforested areas? You can’t. Is cheap food really worth losing our rainforests for? Whatever your opinion, the world’s economic system is a very difficult entity to change and the dysfunctional way Western consumer-led economies work is more or less set in stone.

Article on behalf of the Rainforest Foundation. Image by I-5 Design.

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Posted by Guest Author - October 10, 2014 at 7:06 am

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Best Green Updates For Your Home

There are many ways to improve the value of your home, or simply make it more livable. One of the best ways to do both is upgrade your home to be more environmentally friendly. Eco-conscious appliances and upgrades often save more resources, like water and electricity, help the environment and also cut back a little bit on your monthly utilities.

But before you go on a tear and plunder your home’s inefficient appliances and poor insulation to make your home more energy efficient, you need to know where you currently stand in terms of an environmentally savvy home, according to a story by US News and World Report. “A so-called energy audit, in which an energy professional inspects your home to determine where efficiencies can be created, is a great way for homeowners to figure out which parts of their property need attention,” the report says. Your local energy company or home contractors are the best two groups to contact to inquire about getting an energy audit. Sometimes you can get a free audit, as well. Here are four upgrades that your energy guru might recommend that you can do without investing too much money.

Increase Insulation

Proper insulation and a tight seal around windows, doors and the roof is important, because those are common places for energy to be lost. Adding insulation can help keep your home comfortable year-round. As it turns out, roughly half of the homes in the United States are poorly insulated, especially for homes built near 1980. “For those adding insulation, start with an easily accessible part of the house, such as the attic,” the US News report says. “In the attic spaces, a lot of times, the insulation over a period of years will reduce down to maybe three or four inches where you are supposed to have like 10 inches of insulation.”

Don’t Forget the John

Triton Showers T30i 3kW Handwash

Triton Showers T30i 3kW

One of the surprising wastes in a home is water, but low-flow toilets, faucets and showerheads offer a simple solution. “Toilets are the most obvious starting point because they use 26 percent of the water in your home. Today’s industry standard for toilets is 1.6 gallons per flush. If you were updating an old home, you would see significant savings compared to older toilets that use as much as 3.5 gpf,” according to a How Stuff Works story. “But there is still room for more water savings when installing toilets in a new home. Many high-efficiency toilets on the market use as little as 1.28 gpf, which can add up to a savings of 3,000 gallons of water per toilet, per year.”

Keeping Cool and Saving Money

Air conditioning and heating consume the next highest amount of energy, with peak months during winter and summer where they surpass refrigerators. An energy efficient home climate control unit will use 20 to 50 percent less energy for room air conditioners and up to about 20 percent for home-wide systems. You might consider installing a geothermal air conditioning system, which can save up to 80% in heating and cooling bills.

Staying in Hot Water

Lastly, water heaters are the second largest energy consumption appliance, accounting for about 18 percent of the average home’s energy usage. Water heaters can last for quite a while despite being wildly energy inefficient. Replacing a 10-year-old gas water heater can give up to 50 percent increased energy efficiency throughout the year.

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Posted by Eco Warrior - October 7, 2014 at 7:56 am

Categories: Eco Home   Tags:

Do The Rewards Of Alternative Sources of Fuel Outweigh The Disadvantages?

Green living addresses numerous ways of improving our planet. One good way to accomplish this is through the use of alternative fuel sources. There are people who love alternative fuels and they could give you so many reasons why you should be using it. Likewise, there are people who dislike using alternative fuels and can give you lots of reasons why you should not use them.

It’s tough to challenge the fact that alternative fuels can benefit the environment as, compared to petrol, they are much cleaner burning. A lot of the problems that our environment is dealing with, such as global warming and frightening health problems, have to be challenged so that we can make good changes. Do we know who needs to decide what is best for our earth and will people do what has to be done without legal requirements that they do so?

Every time somebody decides to purchase a car that is powered by alternative fuel, fewer pollutants are released into the atmosphere, and this is terrific for the planet. Alternative fuel cars, particularly hybrids, get significantly better gas mileage. In the case of drivers, this can have a very positive effect. Because the government knows that there are reasons why individuals won’t buy alternative

Ethanol in America: The Growth of the Cellulosic Ethanol Industry and the DOE Handbook on E85 - The Alternative Fuel for Advanced Vehicles

Ethanol in America – The Alternative Fuel for Advanced Vehicles

fuel cars, they are using tax incentives to get more people to purchase them. Not only will it help the planet for people to be driving this type of vehicles, but the tax breaks will help every person who takes advantage of the incentives.

Even though saving money on taxes is a good incentive, most people are still unwilling to buy alternative fuel vehicles. For one, even taking into consideration available tax breaks, these vehicles are quite costly. As a matter of fact, the expense is sizeable enough that many individuals find these vehicles unaffordable. One huge problem with alternative fuel cars is the lack of ready availability of several of these fuels. Many types of alternative fuels are very hard to find while you can easily find E85 fuel, which is a combination of 85% ethanol and 15% gasoline. Even the places that do have E85 don’t always have a plentiful supply, and it doesn’t make too many happy drivers when they have to drive out of their way just to buy fuel.

No doubt people will continue to argue the positives and negatives for numerous years to come. The hidden cost of people’s health should be included, but many individuals never think about whether pollutants hurt their health. How you feel about the earth and man’s effects on it will play a significant role in which category you belong. You will purchase this type of car if it truly can make the earth cleaner.

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Posted by Eco Warrior - September 27, 2014 at 8:36 am

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Appeal to Brazil: invest just 0.01% GDP & save your precious Atlantic rainforest

According to new research it would only cost Brazil 0.01% of its Gross Domestic Product to conserve its precious Atlantic rainforest. Which means there’s no reasonable financial excuse for not doing so.

The country’s Atlantic coast forest once extended 1.5 million square kilometres. These days deforestation has reduced its spread to just 160,000km2 and the region is home to more than 130 million people. But the Mata Atlântica is one of the most important and threatened areas of biodiversity on the planet, home to the only living examples of almost ten thousand plant and bird species – that’s more bird species than the whole of Europe.

Conserve 30% of the forest and save more or less 100% of the species living there

The research, reported in the Science journal, was carried out by an international team of scientists. They’ve figured out that it’d cost just 198 million US dollars a year to pay the private owners of land in the region to set aside land for re-forestation. And they’ve calculated this would be enough, along with existing conserved land, to protect the majority of the unique species living there.

The team collected data in 79 different forest regions spread over 150 kilometres, estimating at least 30% of the current native habitat needs to be preserved to conserve the species that live there. In short, preserving the forest is both feasible and affordable. Once the financial barriers have been broken down, the other reasons for not conserving the remaining forest – greed, inertia and ignorance – are the only issues left to tackle.

Conservation costs reduce to 0.0026% of GDP after 3 years

$198m represent just 6.5% of Brazil’s total investment in agricultural subsidies, and less than 0.01 per cent of the nation’s yearly GDP. Spend that for three years running and the annual cost would come down even more, reducing to a miniscule 0.0026% of GDP once active restoration has been paid for.

The findings are great news, since there’s no longer a financial excuse to carry on deforestation and no longer any reason to think conservation is too expensive. The findings will also act as a practical tool for planning sustainable landscapes worldwide, can be included in land use policies and socio-environmental certification incentives.

Guest post on behalf of the Rainforest Foundation. Image by  Jose Roberto V Moraes.

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Posted by Eco Warrior - September 25, 2014 at 4:50 pm

Categories: Conservation, Issues   Tags:

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